برای همه ما پیش اومده که فیلیم رو ببینیم یا با افرادی مواجه بشیم که با لهجه های مختلف انگلیسی صحبت میکنن ، از بریتیش ( British ) تا امریکن ( American ) و حتی لهجه های استرالیایی ، در این ویدیوی آموزشی شما با تفاوت لهجه ها بیشتر آشنا میشوید
نکته گرامری این ویدیوی آموزشی
You must have noticed that the preposition used here with all the three of difference, differentiate, and shift is with.
متن کامل ویدیوی بالا را با هم بخوانیم
Hello and welcome to Oxintalk.
A lot of students ask us this question: “so should I try to learn British English or American English?”
What’s the difference between them? Which one is better? Which one is cooler?
To answer these questions, I’ve got a special guest with me who is a linguist and will tell us all
Hello and welcome.
– Hello; thanks for having me.
– So, what is the difference between American and British English?
– Well, language is a highly local phenomenon which means that when you move from one place to another, it changes and not just in countries, for example in cities as well. If you move from New York to Los Angeles, London to Yorkshire, or Melbourne to Sydney, the same will happen; it will change.
-Uhum, I see. How does it change?
-Well, there are four main categories in which this change occurs: there are Sounds, Grammar, Vocabulary, and of course Spelling.
– What about the accent?
-The accent is already included in the sounds group, along with pronunciation, intonation, and a few other things.
– Which group is the most important?
– Well it’s not easy to say, but we should probably focus first on vocabulary- that is the words.
For example, in the UK, in most of the UK, the item of clothing that you use to cover your legs, is or are trousers, whereas in the United States, they’re called pants. So the funny thing is, if you walk to a London shop and ask for some pants, they might think you’re actually talking about underpants.
– Oh! That sounds like trouble.
– Well, it can be! And it’s not just limited to countries as I told you. Even for example within the United States, suppose you want to order a regular, nonalcoholic drink, depending on where you are, the name changes. In some places, it’s a Pop. In others, it’s a soda. In others, still it could be Coke; even though it’s a Pepsi, they call it a Coke.
– So isn’t that quite confusing?
– Indeed, but you don’t, I mean language learners don’t need to worry about that. You can manage the situation if you follow some simple advice.
– How can we do that?
Well, you have to differentiate between your speaking and your listening. For your speaking, I can give you two bits of advice. First, do not shift between- just choose one and stick to it, practicing the same variety over and over again. And also for your speaking, try to choose one of the easier, more common varieties, like the received pronunciation you see on the BBC, because obviously you’d want everybody to understand you.
For listening, however, it’s a different story. Go to town! You can listen to anything you want. For example, in the UK, there’s Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Scouse, Yorkshire, then…a whole lot of them. And also in America, there is for example Mid-Western, Mid-Atlantic, Coastal-Southern, Inland-Southern, and many other varieties-I mean in Australia as well. So the idea is listen to all of them, but don’t get obsessed with each. Just pick one for your speaking.
Thank you for being with us and thank you everyone for watching.